Dr. Paul Ro

Dr. Paul Ro
Chair and Professor, Mechanical Engineering
High Res Photo

Chair and Professor, Mechanical Engineering


  • B.S. in Mechanical Engineering (High Distinction), University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (1982)
  • M.S. in Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (1985)
  • Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (1989)

Research Interests

  • Renewable Energy Harvesting and Storage
  • Vibro-acoustics and Control
  • Robotics and Automation
  • Ultra-precision Positioning and Microdynamics Characterization
  • Vehicle Dynamics and Control


  • Chair and Professor, Mechanical Engineering, School of Engineering and Computer Science, Baylor University, August 2018 - Present
  • Associate Dept. Head and Director of Graduate Programs, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Caroline State University, May 2012 - July 2018
  • Professor, Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, North Carolina State University, August 2001 - July 2018
  • Associate Professor, Mechanicaland Aerospace Engineering, Precision Engineering Center, North Carolina State University, July 2018 - August 2001
  • Visiting Associate Professor, Dept. of Mechanical Design and Production Engineering, Seoul National University, South Korea, July 1995 - December 1995
  • Foreign Science Analysis Fellow - Offive of Naval Research, Dept. of Precision Machinery, University of Tokyo, Japan, May 1993 - July 1993
  • Research Assistant, Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity, M.I.T., Cambridge, MA, September 1982 - January 1989

Selected Publications

Selected Publications

  1. Jingdong Chen, Paul I. Ro, “Human Intention-Oriented Variable Admittance Control with Power Envelope Regulation in Physical Human-Robot Interaction,” Mechatronics, 84 (2022), https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mechatronics.2022.102802
  2. Barah Ahn, Vikram C. Patil, and Paul I. Ro, “Effect of Integrating Metal Wire Mesh with Spray Injection for Liquid Piston Gas Compression,” Energies 2021, 14 (13), 3723, https://doi.org/10.3390/en14133723
  3. V. Adhikari and P.I. Ro, “Study of the Variation in Knee Joint Muscle Forces at Different Walking Speed and Effectiveness of Using Knee Braces,” Proceedings of the 2021 Design of Medical Devices Conference, Minneapolis, MN, 4/2021
  4. Vikram C. Patil and Paul I. Ro, “Modeling of Liquid-Piston based Design for Isothermal Ocean Compressed Air Energy Storage System,” Journal of Energy Storage, 31 (2020), doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2020.101449
  5. Vikram C. Patil, Jun Liu, and Paul I. Ro, “Efficiency Improvement with Liquid Piston Compressor using Metal Wire Mesh for Near-isothermal Compressed Air Energy Storage Application,” Journal of Energy Storage, 28 (2020), doi.org/10.1016/j.est.2020.101226
  6. Vikram C. Patil, Pinaki Acharya, and Paul I. Ro, "Experimental Investigation of Water Spray Injection in Liquid Piston for Near-isothermal Compression,” Applied Energy, 259 (2020), doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2019.114182
  7. Vikram C. Patil and Paul I. Ro, “Experimental Study of Heat Transfer Enhancement in Liquid Piston Compressor using Aqueous Foam,” Applied Thermal Engineering, 164 (2020), doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2019.114441
  8. Vikram C. Patil, Pinaki Acharya, Paul I. Ro, “Experimental Investigation of Heat Transfer in Liquid Piston Compressor,” Applied Thermal Engineering, 146 (2019), 169-179, doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2018.09.121
  9. Vikram C. Patil and Paul I. Ro, “Energy and Exergy Analysis of Ocean Compressed Air Energy Storage Concepts,” Journal of Engineering, Vol 2018, Article ID 5254102, 14 pages, doi.org/10.1155/2018/5254102, 2018
  10. H.S. Bhaskaran, P.I. Ro, J-K. Park, K.R. Ramakrishnan, “Analysis of a Novel Technique for Temperature Rise Abatement in Liquid Piston Compressors – External Gas Injection,” ASME Journal of Thermal Science and Engineering Applications, 9(2), pp 024503-1~13, doi: 10.1115/1.4035969, 2017


School of Engineering
& Computer Science
One Bear Place #97356
Waco, TX 76798-7356
Computer Science
One Bear Place #97141
Waco, TX 76798-7141